Today is all about identifying facts and opinions.
Some people may not realise it, but the subject of history contains both fact and opinion. Before we get to the opinion part, let’s discuss historical fact.
Obviously history should be factual.
That is what history is: the factual account of past events. For example, we know for certain Elizabeth I was the Queen of England. We know for a fact the Berlin Wall came down in 1989. These historical facts are indisputable. They can be verified. So how are historical facts verified? Well, in the case of Elizabeth I, there is documentation to prove she was the Queen of England. These include legal documents, like birth certificates, letters, land deeds, etc. You can also go in person to see where she lived, for example Windsor Castle, to see with your own eyes. People who were alive at the same time as Elizabeth also verified this in their writings. Historical evidence proves this.
So where does opinion fit in? Some historical facts can only tell us so much, and historians find it necessary to develop opinions to fill in the gaps. Usually these opinions answer the questions how? And why? For example how did the lack of medical knowledge affect the death rate in Tudor Britain? The opinions of historians are more accurately called interpretations.
Read the information about Tudor Medicine then use it to complete your tasks:
This task is for Esha, Lisa, Tymon, Marley, Rhema, and Safwan only:
Write down 5 facts that you have learnt from the text about Tudor medicine in your own words. These must not be directly copied!
This task is for all other pupils:
Answer these questions using your interpretation and the facts.
1. Were poorer people more likely to have successful treatment of an illness than the rich?
2. Were the treatments of illnesses based on Science?
3. Was there a link between medicine and witchcraft?
4. What would it have felt like to have major surgery during Tudor times. Would you be likely to survive?
Using your understanding of the text, write a paragraph about Tudor medicine, combining facts and opinion. This is going to be used for your final piece, an information text about the Tudor, so the more work you do now, the easier it will be when you put it all together.