Hello Year 2,
In the Victorian times (100 to 150 years ago), railways changed people’s lives. Families went to the seaside for the day by train. People who could afford it took a week’s summer holiday. Seaside towns such as Blackpool and Margate became popular resorts. Trippers and holidaymakers enjoyed things we still enjoy at the seaside today: ice cream, fish and chips, riding on donkeys, paddling and making sandcastles on the beach. In old photos you’ll notice most people are wearing ordinary clothes, with trousers and skirts rolled up to keep dry.
Read the information below to find about more and answer the questions in red at the bottom. Remember to use evidence from the text to answer the questions.
In the Victorian days, railways changed people’s lives as they could now visit the seaside for the day by steam train! The other way to travel was by horse drawn carts but that took 8 hours! Bicycles also became popular but trains were certainly quicker!
Eventually, cars became popular. Some people went to the seaside on open topped buses. Now people also go by coach or electric train.
What to wear
In the Victorian days, people visiting the seaside would wear their usual day clothes for walking on the beach. For bathing, they would use bathing machines to change and get into the sea, with men and women bathing in separate areas of the
beach. Later, people began to wear long bathing costume.
Now people wear swimming costumes, trunks or bikinis.
On the beach
In the Victorian days and until recently, children could take donkey rides on the beach at most seasides. Just like today, people also used to make sandcastles with flags, sit in deckchairs on the sand, play sports and go for walks along the beach. Punch and Judy shows were popular but not so much now.
In the water
In the Victorian days people used bathing machines. People hired them to use as private changing rooms to get into their bathing suits and then back into their clothes. The bathing machines were pulled by horses to move them up and down the beach as the tide came in or went out, so that people could get into the sea without having to walk on the beach where others could see them in their bathing costumes. There were separate machines for men and women who would bathe on different parts of the beach.
Like today, women and children enjoyed paddling in rock pools or in the sea, collecting treasures in their buckets, looking at the sea creatures and plants or checking to see what they have caught in their nets.
Questions to answer:
- Why did people choose to use a steam train rather than bicycles or horse drawn carts?
- What is different about the train we use now?
- What did visitors to the seaside used to wear? How did they change?
- What do modern people wear?
- What did people do at the seaside in Victorian times that we still do?
- Why do you think people don’t watch Punch and Judy shows now?
- How did the bathing machines move?
- Where on the beach were the bathing machines?
- Can you name 3 things, from the text, that children like to do at the seaside?