SCIENCE COMPETITION

Hi Broad Heath!

British Science Week is coming up and Miss Smith is launching a whole school competition!  Your entries need to be sent to Miss Smith’s classroom by 20th March 2015. (Half term would be a great time to get this done!) The winners will, of course, get a very special prize!!!

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Look around you. Look out of a window. What do you see? Where did these things come from? How were they created? Where were they invented?

This competition is all about finding out about science on your doorstep. We all either live near someone who has made a contribution to science or to something that is only here because of science. You may look at the science that is your own own home or even on your actual doorstep. We take most of the things around us for granted and never think about how they came to be or the scientists, technologists, mathematicians, engineers, designers and innovators who were involved in their creation.

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Using your investigative skills find out about the science on your doorstep. Look at street names around you or the name of your school. Some roads and schools are named after people that have a historical link to your area, try to find out who they were and create an interesting poster about them and their achievements. Look at local buildings, bridges, roads, what are they made from? Where did materials come from? How were they built? Do you have pets or live in a rural (countryside) area? You could look at the adaptations of wild animals, your pets or livestock and explain how these help them to survive where you live. 

Your Task: Collect information and use science to create an original poster that shows how it is relevant to your area and why it is important to you, your region and Britain.

Here are some ideas you might like to think about (you don’t have to do these though):

  • Drawings: you could use geometry (shapes) as part of your drawing. Why not make it interactive with 2D pull out tabs? Or make a pop-up poster?
  • Paintings: There are lots of different styles of painting and types of paint that you could use.
  • Collages: You could make the materials for your collage. Why not use photographs?
  • Graphic designs/art: Graphic design is all around you. Look at the posters around your school, at bus stops, railway stations and along the road. Many of these are designed by graphic artists. There are many (in)famous graffiti artists whose work you might like to use for inspiration.
  • Photos of 3D models: be as creative and innovative as you can by using a local material to construct the model.

These are just ideas, you do not have to use them, be creative and do something different, unusual and innovative. To get you started, here are a few themes, ideas and facts about people, places and inventions that are all from Coventry. You can use these themes, or your own investigations, as a starting point to begin researching for your poster.

  • James Starley – ‘Father of the Cycle Industry’. He invented the Penny Farthing.
    bicycle
  • Sir Frank Whittle. He invented the jet engine.

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GOOD LUCK! I can’t wait to see your competition entries!

49 thoughts on “SCIENCE COMPETITION

  1. Steve jobs
    After high school, Jobs enrolled at Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Lacking direction, he dropped out of college after six months and spent the next 18 months dropping in on creative classes at the school. Jobs later recounted how one course in calligraphy developed his love of typography.

    In 1974, Jobs took a position as a video game designer with Atari. Several months later he left Atari to find spiritual enlightenment in India, traveling the continent and experimenting with psychedelic drugs. In 1976, when Jobs was just 21, he and Wozniak started Apple Computer. The duo started in the Jobs family garage, and funded their entrepreneurial venture by Jobs selling his Volkswagen bus and Wozniak selling his beloved scientific calculator.

    Jobs and Wozniak are credited with revolutionizing the computer industry by democratizing the technology and making the machines smaller, cheaper, intuitive and accessible to everyday consumers. Wozniak conceived a series of user-friendly personal computers, and—with Jobs in charge of marketing—Apple initially marketed the computers for $666.66 each. The Apple I earned the corporation around $774,000. Three years after the release of Apple’s second model, the Apple II, the company’s sales increased by 700 percent, to $139 million. In 1980, Apple Computer became a publicly traded company, with a market value of $1.2 billion by the end of its very first day of trading. Jobs looked to marketing expert John Sculley of Pepsi-Cola to help fill the role of Apple’s president.The next two personal computers from Apple, the Apple III and the Lisa, were not very successful. Jobs put all his efforts into the development of the Macintosh. The Macintosh was introduced with much fanfare during the Super Bowl. It was a huge success.

    However, Apple was coming under increasing pressure from the PC designed by IBM. The PC was an open concept which could be cloned and made by multiple companies. The PC was much cheaper than the Macintosh and Apple sales began to decline. Jobs took the blame and resigned from Apple in 1985. After graduating from high school, Jobs attended Reed College in Oregon. However, he found the classes boring and soon dropped out, taking a job with video game maker Atari. Jobs became more and more interested in philosophy. He quit his job and took a trip to India to find “enlightenment.” He spent seven months traveling around India and studying the religion of Zen Buddhism. Upon his return to California, he went back to work for Atari. It is a known fact for most of us that Apple was co-founded by Steve jobs and his college dropout friend, Steve Wozniak, in Steve’s family garage. However, what is a surprise is that, according to some, Steve Jobs named his company Apple after being inspired by the Beatles ‘Apple Records’, who started using this name in the 1960s. A legal battle pursued and both parties settled the case in 2007. Other sources, and probably more close to the truth, say that Apple was so named because Jobs was coming back from an apple farm and he got the inspiration there. Steve Jobs said that the name Apple sounded like “fun, spirited and not intimidating”. The first Apple logo pictured Newton under an apple tree.Steve was one of the most competitive employees ever! When Steve Wozniak was named employee #1, Steve worked so hard to beat him at the game, that until he was named employee #0 he was not satisfied!In 1970, he was introduced to Steve Wozniak by a mutual friend. Even though Wozniak was five years older, they shared a love of electronics, Bob Dylan, and practical jokes. Together they created the Apple I and Apple II computers. Wozniak was responsible for the electronics, and Steve concentrated on the design. The Apple II was the first personal computer capable of color graphics. Jobs insisted that Apple design both the software and hardware on Apple products. Apple’s first logo had a picture of Sir Isaac Newton sitting under an apple tree. Next came the rainbow, striped apple with a bite taken out on the side. The colored stripes represented the fact that the Apple II could create graphics in color. In 1997, it was simplified to a single color that has changed over time.

  2. Sir frank whittle is know as the inventor of the jet engine.He used a gas turbine for his jet propulsion,and applied for first patent on The idea in January 1930.Sir frank whittle formed a company called
    Power jets,with aim of taking his idea for the development.

  3. MISS SMITH I chosed TO DO THE CLOCK WATCHMAKING INDUSTRY!
    Clock watchmaking industry .The history of a american clock and watchmaking is a microcosm of the early American manufacturing. It includes the story of a tremendously talented line artisans and of the training that passed from one to the other.Their ingenuity led to the spread of the”American System”of production-a forerunner of mass production.Finally,large-scale production of clocks and watches produced depended on the development of an elaborate system of distribution,through which the clocks and watches produced in such large quantities were disturbed to urban and rural Americans.
    The first clockmaker of recorded in america was Thomas Nash,an early settler of New Haven in 1638.Throughout the seventeenth century,eight day striking clock with brass movements,similar to those made in England,were produced by craft methods in several towns and villages in Connecticut. The wooden clock was not make in America until the eighteenth century,although it was known to exist in Europe in the seventeenth century,probably originating in Germany or Holland.By 1745 Benjamin Cheney of East Hartford was producing wooden clocks,and there is some evidence that these clocks were being as 1715 near New Haven.

  4. How are black cabs made?\I have not copied and pasted
    A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of the term specify that cars are designed to run primarily on roads, to have seating for one to eight people, to typically have four wheels, and to be constructed principally for the transport of people rather than goods. The year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car. In that year, German inventor Karl Benz built the Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars did not become widely available until the early 20th century. One of the first cars that was accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were rapidly adopted in the United States of America, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other less-developed parts of the world.

    Cars are equipped with controls used for driving, parking, and passenger comfort and safety. New controls have also been added to vehicles, making them more complex. Examples include air conditioning, navigation systems, and in car entertainment. Most cars in use today are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueled by deflagration of gasoline (also known as petrol) or diesel. Both fuels cause air pollution and are also blamed for contributing to climate change and global warming.[5] Vehicles using alternative fuels such as ethanol flexible-fuel vehicles and natural gas vehicles are also gaining popularity in some countries.

    Road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide. The costs of car usage, which may include the cost of: acquiring the vehicle, repairs and auto maintenance, fuel, depreciation, driving time, parking fees, taxes, and insuranc are weighed against the cost of the alternatives, and the value of the benefits – perceived and real – of vehicle usage. The benefits may include on-demand transportation, mobility, independence and convenience.The costs to society of encompassing car use, which may include those of: maintaining roads, land use, pollution, public health, health care, and of disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life, can be balanced against the value of the benefits to society that car use generates. The societal benefits may include: economy benefits, such as job and wealth creation, of car production and maintenance, transportation provision, society wellbeing derived from leisure and travel opportunities, and revenue generation from the tax opportunities. The ability for humans to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies.

    The term motorcar has formerly also been used in the context of electrified rail systems to denote a car which functions as a small locomotive but also provides space for passengers and baggage. These locomotive cars were often used on suburban routes by both interurban and intercity railroad systems.

    It was estimated in 2010 that the number of cars had risen to over 1 billion vehicles, up from the 500 million of 1986.[11] The numbers are increasing rapidly, especially in China, India and other NICs.

    From Serish Sohail
    6s
    I have not copied and pasted

  5. SCIENCE COMPETITION!!
    James Starley was born in [1831 – 1881] was an inventor and manufacturer who is widely considered to be the father of the bicycle industry.His inventions and refinements made the bicycle practical for widespread use.

  6. I didn’t copy and paste.
    facts about the first tank:
    Lancelot de Mole thought that he should use one of the Bullock tractors because they can travel on rough ground and then he could cover it up with armour. He passed the idea along to the government and Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, got it. He was intrigued by the idea and started a project to develop the idea.It was so top secret that the workers were told that they were working on water carriers – naturally, they began to call them “tanks,” short for water tanks, and the name stuck.
    The tanks weren’t used in battle until the end of 1916, but then the first batch was tried. Unfortunately most of them broke down before they got very far, but a few did get past the enemy trenches. The army saw the potential and got production underway. A year later, in November of 1917, they were for the first time used effectively to break through the enemy lines.The development of tanks in World War I was a response to the stalemate that trench warfare had created on the Western Front. Although vehicles that incorporated the basic principles of the tank (armour, firepower, and all-terrain mobility) had been projected in the decade or so before the War, it was the heavy casualties sustained in the first few months of hostilities that stimulated development. Research took place in both Great Britain and France, with Germany only belatedly following the Allies’ lead.
    By Bilal Hussain (6S):):););)

  7. Science Week:

    I will look at Sir Frank Whittle. I have collected information about Sir Frank Whittle idea of Supersonic Engines. I will create an poster.

  8. Miss Smith, I found out some more information about James Starley. I hope you like my presentation and facts. :) :)

    James Starley (21 April 1831 – 17 June 1881) was an English inventor and father of the bicycle industry. He was one of the most innovative and successful builders of bicycles and tricycles. His inventions include the differential gear and the perfection of chain-driven bicycles.In 1855 Starley moved to London, where he was employed in the manufacture of sewing machines, and two years later he moved to Coventry, where he became managing foreman at the Coventry Sewing Machine Company (later the Coventry Machinists’ Company Ltd.). There he invented and patented new models, and many of his features are used in modern sewing machines.

    In 1868 Starley became interested in bicycle improvement. His first bicycle, the Coventry, was quickly followed by the Ariel (1871), notable for its use of centre pivot steering. Considered the first true bicycle by many historians, the Ariel was the immediate precursor of the high-wheel ordinary and was the standard of bicycle design for the next decade.Starley invented and manufactured the tangentially spoked wheel, with the spokes connected to the hub at a tangent. His design was a great improvement over radially spoked wheels and is still in use. In 1876 he introduced the highly successful Coventry tricycle and the following year incorporated into it the patented use of the differential gear in conjunction with chain drive.
    In 1885 Starley’s nephew, John Starley, designed and manufactured the Rover, regarded as the first successful safety bicycle and the prototype of all modern bicycles.

  9. Dear Miss Smith,
    I did not copy and paste because I wrote facts down and elaborated on them. :) :)

    Starley’s employer, John Penn, bought a rare and expensive sewing machine. Starley mended it when it broke down and improved the mechanism. Penn knew Josiah Turner, a partner of Newton, Wilson and Company, the makers of the machine, and in 1859 Starley joined its factory in Holborn. Turner and Starley started their own Coventry Sewing Machine Company in Coventry around 1861.[2] Turner’s nephew brought a new French bone-shaker to the factory in 1868. The company started making bicycles and Coventry soon became the centre of the British bicycle industry.

    At this time, velocipedes (cycles) had wheels of nearly equal size, the front slightly larger, although to grow much larger in the penny-farthings Starley soon made with William Hillman. Their Ariel was all-metal and had wire-spoked wheels, much lighter than wooden-spoke ones. Tangent spokes were patented in 1874. Lever-driven and chain-driven tricycles, often in strange configurations, were also devised for women and couples.

    Starley, then ageing, found it difficult to ride a tricycle sociable with his son, James, in the other saddle. They could not steer because one was stronger than the other. The historian Edward Lyte wrote: “Each rider of the Sociable drove his own big wheel independently, so the course of the machine along the road was rather variable. One day Starley cried ‘I have it!’ and dismounted. He sat down to a cup of tea and forthwith invented the differential gear that is now incorporated in the back axle of every car. It was a Saturday. At 6am on the Monday the prototype was being made and at 8am Starley was stepping on to the London train to register patent No. 3388,1877.

  10. I will try the Science Competition
    I hope it’s not too hard
    I really want to have that prize
    okay Mrs Smith I will try my best to make a poster

  11. why was Downing ST named Downing ST?
    (by the way I never copied and pasted)

    Sir George Downing, 1623–84, English diplomat. A nephew of Gov. John Winthrop of Massachusetts, he was educated at Harvard. He returned (1646) to England, joined the parliamentarians, and was appointed (1649) scoutmaster general (chief of intelligence) of the army in Scotland. In 1657, Oliver Cromwell sent him as ambassador to Holland. He made his peace with Charles II in 1660 and received (1663) a baronetcy after betraying three regicides to the government. He was again ambassador to Holland, where his aggressiveness was a factor in the outbreak (1664) of the second Dutch War. From 1667 to 1671, Downing served secretary to the treasury commission. As head of the customs commission, he went again to The Hague in 1671 but was expelled in 1672. He amassed enormous wealth and owned Downing St., London, which is named for him. That is why Downing St is called downing St. :) ;) :)

  12. DEAR Miss Smith,

    Miss it did not work but i decided to do my own resarch!

    I did not coppy and paste.

    I hope you like my comments.

    One of the things that we all have and that we can not see is Gravity, Isaac Nueton discovered this.Isaac Nueton discovered this by using an apple to chook at the moon.He wondered what made the apple come back down after a long time of resarch he found out that gravity is what pulls everything down.

    Another thing we have today is a telephone and this was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in the late 18’0s. Alexander Graham Bell had a wife that was deaf and he thought about if theres was another way of talking to people without talking right to them.He then used different things that he thought voices could have got through.Some were sucessful whereas other weren’t as sucessful. He then used a piece of string and two cups which you could get voices to get to the other side. This then influenced him to creating a telephone.He then thought that using electricity would make it better.

    We also use alot of electricity, tis was invented by William Gillbert. He did this while studying magnetism and how magnets connect.He then thought maybe there was another way of connecting things with each other.It took William Gillbert a bit of time before he discovered electricity.

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