*The Earth and Beyond- Reading Comprehension Questions*

Hi Year 5, this half term in Science we will be learning about the Earth and Beyond. Yesterday we started the topic and filled in our cover sheets about what we already know and what we would like to learn.

You started doing your own independent research and found out some interesting facts about the sun, the planets in our Solar System, space,  space exploration, asteroids, comets, meteors, astronauts and many other things.

I would like you to read the texts below and then use your inference and deduction skills to answer the questions in full sentences, that are multi-clause sentences full of information.

Text 1

Where is Earth and what does it do?

What the other planets in our Solar System called?

How are the planets different in terms of orbit?

Why does the Earth have a leap year (with 366 days) every 4 years?

 

Text 2

How long does it take for the Earth to spin around?

How are daylight and darkness created?

How do the seasons affect the amount of daylight we have?

 

Text 3

What affects how much of the moon we can see?

Would you expect to find water on the light side of the moon?

Can you do your own research and find out what an eclipse is?

 

Well done for a great first lesson year 5, this topic will be really fun and I’m looking forward to seeing what else we find out.

Miss Bhandal :)

16 thoughts on “*The Earth and Beyond- Reading Comprehension Questions*

  1. The earth is millions of miles away and 3 in the solar system . the names of the plants are Mercury , Venus , Earth ,Mars, Jupiter , Saturn , Uranus, Neptune and the dwarf plant Pluto . It takes 24 hours for the earth to orbit around . Daylight is made by the earth is orbiting around the sun then later in the day the moon will started orbit around the earth . An eclipse is a obscuring of the light from one Celestine body by the passage of other between it and the observer or between it and its sources of Imulatter .

  2. The earth is millions of miles from the sun and is the third planet in the solar system. The earth moves around or orbits the sun. The planets are called Mercury, Venus,Earth,Marz,Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,Neptune but the dwarf planet that comes at the end is called Pluto. The planets are far away so if they orbit then they won’t get much of a reflection. We have a leap year so that it helps synchronise the calendar from the solar year.

    It takes 24 hours for the earth to spin around once. When the earth is turning around and faces the sun it is daylight but when it faces the moon it is night time. Some seasons have longer lengths than other seasons.

    The earth blocks the sun from giving light. I would not expect to see water on the light side of the moon. An eclipse is when the moon has no sunlight because the shadow of the earth is blocking it.🌞🌚🌎
    High bunk

  3. Text 1
    -Where is the Earth and what does it do?
    The Earth is a planet that is millions away from the sun.It is a planet which orbits or moves around the sun.Also it is the third planet away from the sun.
    -What are the other planets in the Solar System called?
    The order of the planets are: Mars, Venus, Earth, Mercury,Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
    -How are the planets different in terms of orbit?
    There are different stars for different planets and each planet has its own path or orbit to finish its cycle.So this means different time to orbit.For example the Earth needs 365 days to orbit the sun.
    -Why does the Earth have a leap year (366 days) every 4 years?
    A leap year happens when an extra day is added to the end of February every 4 days.So instead of having 365 days in a year a leap year will have 366 days.If we didn’t add an extra day to February, the season will shift around the calender and there will
    be some confusion.
    Text 2
    -How long does it take for the Earth to spin around?
    For the Earth to spin around it takes 24 hours.
    -How are daylight and darkness created?
    Daylight and darkness are created by the rotation of the Earth on its axis.The sun is the main source of light so when the Earth spin or orbits the sun everyday, the side of the Earth facing the sun expriences day while the other side away from the sun expriences night and darkness.
    -How do the season affect the amount of daylight we have?
    The amount of daylight is longer in the summer than it is in winter because the sun shines for longer in summer compared to winter and Autumn.
    -What affects how much of the moon we can see?
    How much of the moon we can see depends on how the sun reflects its light on the moon and the amount of sunlight reaches the moon is different each month.
    -Would you expect to find water on the light side of the moon?
    I would not expect to find water on the moon as the sun it to hot meaning there will be evaporation due to the temperature.
    Can you do your own research and find out what an eclipse is?
    An eclipse happens when a heavy body such as a star, planet moves into the shadow of another body.There are two types of eclipse: a Lunar Eclipse and a Solar Eclipse.
    The Lunar eclipse happens when the earth exactly blocks the sun light that normally is reflected by the moon.This is the result of a very dark view on the side of the moon facing Earth.
    The Solar Eclipse happens when the moon blocks the light of the sun from reaching the Earth.

  4. WHERE IS EARTH AND WHAT DOES IT DO??
    Earth is the 4th closest planet to the sun but the main purpose is to keep life,creatures,humans and…well…YOU! Earth is the only(maybe not) planet which requires a reliable source of the only chemical we can actually breathe in,oxygen.

    WHAT OTHER PLANETS ARE IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM??
    Don’t get me wrong,but there are other planets named(in order):Mercury,Venus,Earth,Mars,Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,Neptune.Pluto was once called a planet but it is not one anymore.

    HOW ARE THE PLANETS DIFFERENT IN TERM OF ORBIT??
    The planets take different amounts of time to go around the Sun. A single orbit is called the planet’s year, and the further out a planet is the longer its year takes.
    The orbits of the planets in the solar system are almost circular – with the Sun near the centre. Many diagrams show the orbits very squashed from top to bottom. This is to give a sense of perspective or to fit the diagram to a page in a book.
    WHY DOES EARTH HAVE LEAP YEARS??
    A common year has 365 days and a leap year 366 days, with the extra, or intercalary, day designated as February 29. A leap year occurs every four years to help synchronize the calendar year with the solar year, or the length of time it takes the earth to complete its orbit about the sun, which is about 365¼ days.

    HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR THE EARTH TO SPIN AROUND??
    The Earth rotates once in about 24 hours with respect to the sun and once every 23 hours 56 minutes and 4 seconds with respect to the stars (see below). Earth’s rotation is slowing slightly with time; thus, a day was shorter in the past.

    HOW ARE DAYLIGHT AND DARKNESS CREATED??
    We often hear about those exciting places where the sun never sets or where the sun never rises, for months at a time. For example, Norway advertises itself to tourists as the land of mid night Sun where you can see day light for continuous 24 hours. (They of course have a period where the Sun never rises but they don’t advertise that!). Then there are places not so extreme but with bizarre day:night length ratios, say 22 hours day and 2 hours night.

    HOW DO THE SEASONS AFFECT THE WEATHER WE HAVE??
    We associate winter with cold weather and lack of daylight, summer with long balmy evenings where the sun lingers in the sky. Such variation is part of the series of cycles which affect the relative positions of the sun and the Earth – affecting not just seasonal variation but also long-term climate change.

    WHAT AFFECTS THE AMOUNT OF MOON WE SEE??
    Gravitational forces between the Moon and the Earth keep the Moon in orbit. The Moon does not produce light. But it does reflect light from the Sun, which is how we are able to see it from Earth. (Only stars produce light and they are called luminous for that reason.)

    WOULD YOU EXPECT TO SEE WATER ON THE LIGHT SIDE OF THE MOON??

    Finding water on another celestial body (or the remnants of it) would indicate that it is capable of sustaining life. This could be helpful for many reasons, including researching past inhabitants (if any) as well as preparing to inhabit it ourselves.

    WHAT IS AN ECLIPSE??
    between you and another object and blocks your view. From Earth, we routinely experience two kinds of eclipses: an eclipse of the Moon and an eclipse of the Sun.

  5. what is the Earth and what does it do?
    The earth is a planet that is million miles away from the sun and it moves around or orbits the sun. Earth is 69% water and 31% and orbits the sun once in 365 day and one quarter of a day this is why we celebrate new year and one full day is 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.1 seconds .Also, it is the third closest planet to the sun.
    what are the other planets in the Solar system?
    In order it is Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. I know this because I use this method my very easy method just stopped using nectar .Pluto was once a planet but now is a dwarf planet because it was too small to be a planet.
    How are the planet different in terms of orbit?
    The planets are different in terms of orbit because each planet takes a different time to orbit the sun because one planet can be more far away from the sun.For example who would win a car with a short distance to go to a meeting or the same car but had a longer distance to go to the meeting?The car with the shorter distance would win because he is more closer to the meeting.
    why does earth have leap year?
    There is 366 days every four years because Feburary lasts 28 days and one quarter of a day. So on quarter times 4 equals 1 day. So every four years there is a leap year.

    • Carrying on
      How long does it take for the earth to spin around?
      It takes 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.1 seconds for the earth to spin around once so in a year the earth spins around 365 times because the earth spins once in a day and there are 365 days in a year.
      How are daylight and darkness created?
      Daylight and darkness is created because earth spins in a axis and because the earth is shaped like a sphere only one part of the earth can be given heat or light by the sun.So,when it is afternoon this is when England gets most of the light England is facing the direction of the sun.
      How do seasons affect the amount of daylight we have?
      In winter the England and many other countries tilt or face the opposite direction from the sun but in the summer England and other countries tilt to the sun or don’t face the opposite direction of the sun.Here is a experiment to test this.
      You need
      2 people and yourself
      Torch
      1)First put to people back to each other
      2)Next shine the torch at someone’s body
      3)After this the people who have their backs on each other need to rotate three hundred and sixty degrees keeping their backs to each other.
      4)Finally the other person will have the light shining on them because they don’t have their back on the sun which is the torch.
      What affects of how much of the moon we can see?
      We can see only partly of the moon because the earth is blocking the moon from giving light from the sun.We can only see partly of the moon because the earth is not blocking all of the moon.

  6. Where is Earth and what does it do?
    The Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the only planets so far discovered which is known to support life. It orbits the Sun and takes a full round at 365 1/4(one Earth year), and completes a full day in 23 hours,56 minutes,and 4.1 seconds. Also the rotation of the Earth speeds up and slows down.70% of the Earth’s surface is water,and 30% is land.
    What are the other planets in the solar system?
    The other planets are called Mercury,Venus,Earth,Mars,(asteroid belt),Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,and Neptune. Also they is a planet called Pluto which is known as a dwarf planet. The planets are named after Roman and Greek gods and goddesses. Mercury was named after the Roman god of travel. Venus was named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. Mars was the Roman god of War. Jupiter was the king of the Roman gods, and Saturn was the Roman god of agriculture. Uranus was named after an ancient Greek king of the gods. Neptune was the Roman god of the Sea. Pluto, which is now classified as a dwarf planet, was the Roman god of the underworld. The name Earth is an English/German name which simply means the planet.
    How are the planets different in terms of orbit?
    The planets are different,as they have different sized orbits. Neptune,which is very far away has a much bigger orbit than Mercury,which is very close to the Sun.
    Why does the Earth have leap years?
    February 29 is a date that usually occurs every four years, and is called leap day. This day is added to the calendar in leap years as a corrective measure, because the Earth does not orbit around the sun in precisely 365 days.
    How do the seasons affect the amount of daylight we have?
    The seasons happen because of the tilt of the Earth. In winters the Earth tilts away from the sun. In summers the Earth tilts away from the sun. The Northern Hemisphere has the opposite season to that of Southern Hemisphere.
    What affects how much of the moon we can see?
    Moon rotates around Earth in an elliptical orbit, earth blocks the moon partly and the sun shines on a part of moon thus making a crescent.
    What is an eclipse?
    An eclipse takes place when one heavenly body such as a moon or planet moves into the shadow of another heavenly body. There are two types of eclipses on Earth: an eclipse of the moon and an eclipse of the sun.

  7. Where is Earth and what does it do?
    The Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the only planets so far discovered which is known to support life. It orbits the Sun and takes a full round at 365 1/4(one Earth year), and completes a full day in 23 hours,56 minutes,and 4.1 seconds. Also the rotation of the Earth speeds up and slows down.70% of the Earth’s surface is water,and 30% is land!

    What are the other planets in the solar system?
    In order the planets are Mercury,Venus,Earth,Mars,(asteroid belt),Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,and Neptune. Pluto was not a planet in 2006 and on and was sometimes classified as a very small dwarf planet. In fact it is smaller than our moon

    How are the planets different in terms of orbit?
    The planets are different,as they have different sized orbits. Neptune,which is very far away has a much bigger orbit than Mercury,which is very close to the Sun.

    Why does the Earth have leap years?
    Earth has leap years every four years because February lasts for 28 1/4 days. Every year that 1/4 day adds up for 4 consecutive years until it becomes a day. Instead of 365 days,there is 366 days.

    How do the seasons affect the amount of daylight we have?
    The seasons happen because of the tilt of the Earth. In winters the Earth tilts away from the sun. In summers the Earth tilts away from the sun. The Northern Hemisphere has the opposite season to that of Southern Hemisphere.

    What affects how much of the moon we can see?
    Moon rotates around Earth in an elliptical orbit, earth blocks the moon partly and the sun shines on a part of moon thus making a crescent.

    What is an eclipse?
    A solar eclipse occurs when the moon is between the earth and sun. Moon thus blocks the Sun’s view and it becomes dark even its day time. Solar eclipse happens only on new moon day.
    A lunar eclipse occur when the Earth is between the sun and moon.The moon is in the shadow of the Earth and no sunlight reaches moon,only light reaching moon is the one which is refracted by the Earth and this the reason moon appear red, also sometimes known as blood moon. Lunar eclipse occur only on full moon night.

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