The Romans

This half term in topic we have been learning all about The Romans, as well as information texts in literacy.

Can you use both skills and knowledge together to answer the questions below.

Who were the Romans?

When did the Romans invade Britain?

Why did the Romans invade Britain?

What did the Romans give us?

You may find the information your looking for on this website.

Click here to follow to link.

http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/homework/Romans.html

Roman army

 

Here is a picture of a Roman soldier, Can you describe him? Answering in full sentences.

38 thoughts on “The Romans

  1. Who where the romans?
    The romans lived in italy and there fantastic fort was good they used it for battles but they wanted there fort for a long time.
    Fun facts
    Did you also no that a fort can have brave guns for battles and they can not have tv
    In the capital of italy romans had to kill the other romans because they were not kind or helpfull but they just wanted to wressl and battle but they liked it.also they liked the diner they haved.
    What did they eat?
    They eated wine bread and rice they can make there own food thats fantastic.

  2. 1who were the romans?
    Romans were based in Rome in Italy. They ruled over land that went far beyond the borders of Rome.
    2When did the Romans invade Britain?
    In 55 BC. the RomanGeneral Julius Caesar led his army across the sea from Gaul to Britain.
    3Why did the Romans invade Britain?
    He wanted to make Britain part of Romans empire.
    4What did the Romans give us?
    Romans gave us roads, central heating, concrete, calendar and language.

  3. Who are the Romans?
    The Romans lived in Rome, a city in the centre of Italy.
    When did the Romans invade Britain?
    In August 55 B.C.the Romans general Julius Caesar invaded Britain.
    Why did the Romans invade Britain?
    The Romans were cross with Britain for helping the Gauls fight against the Roman general Julius Caesar.
    What did the Romans give us?
    The Romans gave us the language we use today.

  4. What did the Romans give us?
    Romans gave Britain many culture and technology related things. Many things in English language are Latin based which Romans gave, also the calendar we follow was started by Romans, many month names are based on Roman rulers and generals, for example July is named after general Juilus Caesar. Even the Census system – the way used to count people in a country was given by Romans. Also Romans gave the system to make roads, heating system, concrete and aqueducts.

  5. Who were the Romans?
    The Romans lived in Rome a city in the centre of the country
    of Italy.
    When did the Romans invade Britain?
    the Romans invaded Britain nearly 2000 years ago in August
    55bc.
    Why did the Romans invade Britain?
    they came to Britain looking for richest land, slaves and

    most of all, iron, lead, zinc, copper silver and gold.
    Wat did the Romans give us?
    Roads,central heating,concrete,aqueduct(bridge’s of water)

  6. Who were the Romans?
    The Romans lived in Rome a city in the centre of the country
    of Italy.
    When did the Romans invade Britain?
    the Romans invaded Britain nearly 2000 years ago in August
    55bc.
    Why did the Romans invade Britain?
    they came to Britain looking for richest land, slaves and

    most of all, iron, lead, zinc, copper silver and gold.
    Wat did the Romans give us?
    Roads,central heating,concrete,aqueduct(bridge

  7. Romans came to Britain 200 years ago they even invaded Britain.Romans built very strate roads.Romans made bread they can sometimes hunt for food they eat Fresh vegetables and Fresh meats.Romans were very clean because they hade Roman baths.In there spare time they rather have stadiums and enjoy themselves.Romans can March for 32 kilometres.They were even fit because they run and March Romans always like to stay fit.Romans always eat Fresh food

    • There was a significant difference between the south-eastern half of Britannia (the Roman name for Britain) and the north-western region. In the south-east Roman style country homes known as villas were established. In the north and west of Britain, few villas have been found.

      Not all Romans lived in villas. The majority of people living in the country lived in houses in the style of the celtic houses. These houses were usually round and made of timber and thatched.

      Did you know?

      Only one percent of people in Roman Britain lived in villas.

      How do we know what Roman houses were like?

      A lot of building material has survived from the Roman period, but mainly for buildings constructed of stone and tile. There is little evidence of wattle and daub buildings, which are thought to have been used throughout the Roman period.

      Roman houses, especially ones belonging to rich people, were so well built that the remains of villas and even towns have been found.

      We can tell from these finds that:

      the Romans were good builders
      most people of Roman Britain lived in the countryside
      rich Romans living in the country, lived in villas and everyone else lived in huts.
      Some people lived in the towns
      Drawings

      Using the evidence found, artists make drawings of what Roman houses may have looked like. Our understanding of what Roman houses were like change each year as more evidence is uncovered.

      Below you can see three drawings of the Roman Villa at Lullingstone. They were drawn or painted at different times but show what the villa may have looked like around AD 360. Each one is slightly different, reflecting the changing information and opinions about how the site may have looked – as well as different artistic styles.

      In the first painting the view is from above, as a bird might see it. The walls are not plastered and there is a court yard next to the central rooms. The second painting does not have a front entrance up a ramp or steps as the other two have.

      None of these illustrations are ‘right’ – each is a separate attempt at picturing the past.

      Reconstruction by Alan Sorrell (1961)

      Reconstruction byGraham Sumner (1991)

      Reconstruction by Peter Dunn (2000)
      More about Roman Houses

      Visit our main pages about life in Roman Britain.

      We have photographs of Roman soldiers and lots of information in an easy to read format

      • The Romans liked to go out and enjoy themselves.

        Public Entertainment

        Roman Amphitheatre

        The Roman amphitheatre was the centre of public entertainment in Rome, and all over the Roman Empire. People would go to the amphitheatre to see men fighting wild beasts or each other. These men were called gladiators. It was a cruel sport because someone was usually killed.

        Find out more about amphitheatres

        Find out more about Roman gladiators

        Roman Stadium

        The stadium (or circus) was used for chariot-racing. A stadium had a long rectangular enclosure, curved at one end, with seats all around except at the the end opposite the curve. Down the middle was the spine (spina), which the chariots hurtled around, lap after lap, trying to cut in front of each other.

        A stadium has been discovered at Colchester. This is the first and only stadium so far found in the UK. Rome had eight chariot stadiums.

        Chariot Racing

        Chariot-racing was a very popular sport all over the Roman Empire.

        Roman chariots were ultra lightweight and flimsy. There was just enough room for a man to stand on and hold the reins. In an accident, the chariot would fall to pieces in an instant and hurl the charioteer out.

        There were three main types of chariots:

        Two-horse chariots (biga)
        Three-horse chariot (triga)
        Four-horse chariot (quadra)
        Charioteers were usually slaves

        Roman Baths

        The Romans liked to keep themselves clean. Many Romans visit the Thermae (public baths). Every town had its own bath complex (like a large swimming pool).

        Find out more

        Roman Theatres

        Most Roman cities had a theatre. Like Greek theatres, the Roman theatre had three parts: the stage, the orchestra, and the auditorium. The auditorium was semi-circular with rows of seats rising up from the flat semi-circular chorus area at the bottom. The stage area faced the auditorium on the far side of the orchestra.

        Performances were often part of religious festivals.

        The actors were men with each actor playing several roles. They wore simple costumes that could be changed quickly and in public. To help distinguish the characters young men were portrayed by wearing brightly coloured clothing, while old men were portrayed wearing white. Different coloured wigs were also worn. Grey wigs represented old men, black wigs represented young men, and red wigs represented slaves.

        There were four kinds of performances:

        Comedies
        Tragedies
        Farces
        Pantomimes
        Entertaining at Home

        Dinner parties

        The best way to show off your house was at a dinner party. Dinner parties were very popular, and it was common to throw one for quests who had spent the day at the amphitheatre.

        The dinner parties were held in the triclinium (dining room). They often lasted up to eight hours. The Romans did not sit on chairs around the table like we do today. Instead the adults lay on sloping couches situated around a square table. Only small children or slaves were permitted to eat sitting.

        Entertainment during the parties included actors performing a scene from a popular play or a dancing display.

    • Roman Food Roman Language Roman Families
      Roman Houses Roman Baths Roman Amphitheatre
      Roman Schools Roman Numbers Roman Entertainment

      Roman Language

      The Romans spoke and wrote Latin.

      Roman Families

      Roman families were big because sons lived with their parents even after marriage. A typical Roman family consited of father, mother, children, married sons with their family and slaves.

      The father was the most important member of the family.

      Find out more here

      Roman Houses

      Find out more here

      Leisure / Entertainment

      Find out more

      Roman Schools

      Most children did not go to school.

      Schools were not free in Roman times, parents had to pay for their children to have a tutor or teacher. The poor Romans couldn’t afford to educate their children so the boys learned a trade from their fathers and the girls learned household skills such as sewing and cooking from their mothers.

      Schools were built in towns and there were not many of them, so many wealthy parents employed a slave, who was well educated, to teach their sons. The slave was called a pedagogue.

      When did the children go to school?

      Both boys and girls went to school from ages 6-12.
      Lessons began at dawn and were finished by early afternoon.

      They learnt to read and write Latin.

      Did the children have exercise books?

      The Romans did not have school books, instead they wrote on wax tablets using a pointed metal stylus . If they made a mistake, all they had to do was smooth the wax flat with the opposite end of the stylus.

      Roman Numerals / numbers

      Find out more here

      Roman Food

      Find out more here

      © Copyright – please read
      All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow.

    • What was a Roman Amphitheatre used for?

      The amphitheatre was the centre of entertainment in Roman times. It was a place where Roman citizens went to watch fights between gladiators and wild animals, such as bears or lions. The bloodier the battle, the more the crowd roared. The fighters were slaves or criminals whose punishment was to risk a most gruesome death.

      These fights were so popular that schools were set up to train ordinary men as special fighters known as gladiators.

      Where was the largest Roman Amphitheatre?

      The largest amphitheatre in the empire was the Colosseum.

      It could seat up to 50,000 people at once.

      From the ruins of the Colosseum, archaeologists have put together an idea of what happened at these fights.

    • A centurion commanded 80 men divided into ten sections of eight. Six centuries of eighty men formed a cohort, and ten cohorts made up a legion (about 5,000).

      Click here to find out more about the Roman Army

      Interesting Fact
      There were no women in the Roman army.

      The Roman Soldier

      Roman soldiers were very strong and tough, they had to march over 20 miles a day with heavy things to carry. They had to carry equipment such as tents, food, cooking pots and weapons as well as wearing all their armour.

      The Roman army was divided into two groups – legionaries and auxiliaries.

      Roman Legionary
      Roman Auxiliary
      Roman Legionary

      The Roman legionary was a soldier who was a Roman citizen younger than 45.

      The legionaires of the Roman army were recruited only from those who had Roman citizenship. By the first century, many inhabitants of Italy, Spain and Gaul (France) were Roman citizens and were eligible to serve.

      Legionaires served in the army for 20 years. They were well-armed and well trained fighting men They were also skilled engineers and craftsmen because they had to build roads, bridges and forts.

      Roman Auxiliary

      The Auxiliaries of the Roman army were non-Roman citizens. They were recruited from tribes that had been conquered by Rome or were allied to Rome. Roman Auxiliaries were paid less than the legionaires and had to serve for 25 years, after which they became Roman citizens.

      The Roman Cavarly

      A troop of 120 horsemen, who served as scouts and messengers were attached to each Roman legion.

      • The Romans were so many people and they were very strong but they will have lots of work and wars.the Romans invaded Britain a long time ago and when they invaded the First time it didn’t work but the second time it did work and they bombed the cathedral it was near town.because they wanted it to be nicer than before because before it didn’t look too nice at all.the Romans gave us a better place than before.

    • See also Artillery

      The legionary’s personal weapons were two javelins, a sword and a dagger.

      Gladius- sword

      The sword was very important. It was light and short (no more than 50 cm) so soldiers can use it for stabbing quickly.

      The legionary wore his sword high on the right side of his body. This enabled it to be drawn underarm with his right hand without interfering with the shield which he carried in his left.

      Pilum- throwing spear

      A soldier carried two spears to throw at the enemy. The spears were just over two metres* long and they were designed to bend and stick in the enemy’s shield so he cannot use it to protect himself. They were difficult to pull out and will bend on impact, so they couldn’t be thrown back at the attacking Roman soldiers.

      * US spelling of all metre words is meter.

      Pugio – dagger

      The pugio was a small dagger used by Roman soldiers as a sidearm. It was worn on left side.

      Roman Soldiers Roman Army Roman Officers
      Equipment Soldier’s weapon Armour
      Artillery Standard Bearers Formations
      Roman Auxiliary Army Training Roman Shields

      Label the Roman Soldier

    • When did the Romans invade Britain?

      First invasion – Caesar’s first raid

      In August 55 B.C. (55 years before Jesus was born) the Roman general, Julius Caesar invaded Britain. He took with him two Roman legions. After winning several battles against the Celtic tribes (Britons) in south-east England he returned to France.

      Second invasion – Caesar’s second raid

      The following summer (in 54 B.C.) Caesar came to Britain again landing at Walmer near Deal in Kent. This time he brought with him no fewer than five legions (30,000 foot soldiers) and 2,000 cavalrymen (horse riders). This time they crossed the River Thames. After more fighting, the British tribes promised to pay tribute to Rome and were then left in peace for nearly a century.

  8. Who were Roman?
    The Romans lived in Rome,a city in the centre of the country of Italy.
    When did the Roman in ivade britan?
    In August 55.B.C (55 years before jesus was born)the Roman geral.
    Why did the Romans in ivade britan?
    The Romans were cross with britan for helping Gauls(now called the french)fight Angist the Roman Geral
    julius.
    What did the Romans give us?
    The langue we used to day is developed from the Romans.

    • Queen Boudicca

      Famous Romans

      Roman history contains many famous people including Augustus the first emperor, Julius Caesar, Caligula, and Nero.

      Julius Caesar (100 – 44 BC)

      Julius Caesar was born on July 13 100 B.C. He was a great soldier and general. He helped to take over new land for the Roman Empire.

      In 55 B.C. Caesar, with 80 ships and 80.000 men, tried to invade England but he didn’t succeed. The next year he came back with 800 and again he didn’t succeed to conquer South-England.

      He was stabbed to death at a meeting of the Senate in 44 BC and the era of the Republic ended.

      Augustus

      Augustus was the nephew of Caesar and the first Emperor of Rome. He was not always called Augustus, in fact he was born Octavian. He changed his name to Augustus in 27 BC when he won the civil war that followed the death of Julius Caesar, and became emperor.

      Claudius (AD 10 – 54)

      Claudius was the emperor who conquered Britain. He was murdered by his wife

      Hadrian (AD 76 – 13)

      Hadrain became emperor after Trajan in AD 117, when the empire was at its largest.

      Further information

      Find out more about Caesar and other famous romans here
      Famous Romans
      Here you can read about some of the most famous Romans of all times.

      A Famous Celt

      Read about the celts here

      Queen Boudicca (born around 30 AD)
      Queen Boudicca was the wife of the ruler of the Iceni, a Celtic tribe who lived in eastern England.
      She was disliked the Romans.

      Why did Boudicca not like the Romans?
      After her husbands death, the Romans claimed the Iceni lands. When Boudicca protested she was beaten and her daughters attacked.

      The Romans were also demanding to be paid taxes.

      What did she do?

      In revenge, Boudicca led an army to attack the Romans

      Where did she march to?

      She marched her army to Colchester (the capital of Roman Britain.) On the way Boudicca and her Iceni army were joined by other tribes. They attacked Colchester.

      She then led them to London. Boudicca’s army caused vast amounts of damage before being defeated.

      There is a famous statue of Boudicca in London which was made hundreds of years after she lived.

      Further information

      Queen Bodecia, the Iceni Queen –
      Part of the BBC ‘Time Strip’ site. Has a brief introduction of who she was. You can also listen to a BBC drama about Queen Boudicca’s rebellion.

      Queen Boudicca –
      Travel back in time to Ancient Britain. Find out about the Romans and their battle with Queen Boudicca. The stories are told by four different people – the facts are the same but the stories are not. Can you help unravel the truth about history?

      Boudicca, Queen of the Iceni –
      This site is suitable for older children as there is a lot of text to read.

    • The Roman army was made up of groups of soldiers called legions. There were over 5,000 soldiers in a legion. Each legion had its own number, name, badge and fortress. There were about 30 legions around the Roman Empire, three of which were based in Britain at Caerleon, Chester and York.

      Tombstones at Chester indicate that some men joined the legions young; two men had been only fourteen when they had joined up.

      A legion had commanders, officers and ordinary soldiers. There were also doctors, engineers and other workers

      The different sections of a Legion

      The Roman army was divided into legions of about 5,000 men.

      Contubernium: consisted of 8 men.

      Centuria: (century) was made up of 10 contubernium with a total of 80 men commanded by a centurion.

      Cohorts: (cohort) included 6 centurie, a total of 480 men.

      Legio: (Legion) consisted of 10 cohorts, about 5,000 men.

      Eques Legionis: Each legio had a cavarly unit of 120 attached to them.

      Contubernium (8 men) > Centuria (80 men) > Cohort (480 men) > Legio (5,000 men)

      Contubernium (section) – 8 men

      The smallest unit of the Roman legion was the contubernium (tent group) of eight men. They marched, fought, worked and camped together.

      The ‘section’ (eight men) – the basic unit of the legion

      In barracks, these eight men shared two rooms. On a march they shared a leather tent and a mule to carry it.

      A leather tent for a Contubernium

      On a march the Romans lived in tents

      Contubernium (8 men) > Centuria (80 men) > Cohort (480 men) > Legio (5,000 men)

      Centuria

    • .Who were Roman?
      The Romans lived in Rome,a city in the centre of the country of Italy.
      When did the Roman in ivade britan?
      In August 55.B.C (55 years before jesus was born)the Roman geral.
      Why did the Romans in ivade britan?
      The Romans were cross with britan for helping Gauls(now called the french)fight Angist the Roman Geral
      julius.
      What did the Romans give us?
      The langue we used to day is developed from the Romans.

    • The Romans were people from middle of Italy,
      they invaded Britain nearly 2000 years ago,
      they invaded Britain because they wanted to get British slaves,gold,tin,silver,corn and steel,
      they gave us straight roads,aquaducts,central heating and concreate,zinc,iron and copper,
      He is really strong and condfident,good-looking and smart

    • Every town had its own bath complex (like a large swimming pool). There were 170 baths in Rome during the reign of Augustus and by 300 A.D that number had increased to over 900 baths.

      The Romans loved washing and bathing and rather it being done in private, the Romans built magnificnt public bath houses in towns across their empire. Rich villa owners would had their own baths in their homes.

      You can see remains of a Roman bath in the city of Bath, in Somerset.

      Roman bath in the city of Bath

      Baths were not only places for washing.

      People went to the public baths for entertainment, healing or just to get clean. Some people went to the public baths to meet friends and spend their spare time there. Large bath houses had restaurants games rooms snack bars and even libraries.

      The baths were very luxurious.

      The average bath housewould have mirrors covering the walls, ceilings were buried in glass and the pools were lined with rich marble and complicated mosaics covered the floors.

      The baths had their own constant supply of fresh water

      In some places like Bath in Somerset a natural spring provided the bath with its water. Other places the water was either piped in or brought to the town by an aqueduct. The water was heated by the central heating system similar to the ones Romans used in their homes, this was called a hypocaust system.

      The layout of a Roman Bath

      A public bath was built around three principal rooms:

      a warm one called the tepidarium
      a hot one called the caldarium, where slaves would rub their masters all over with perfumed oil and then scrape it of with a knife called a strigil
      a big cold bath called the frigidarium to swim in.

      A Strigil

      A strigil was a small, curved, metal tool used to scrape dirt and sweat from the body. First perfumed oil was applied to the skin, and then it would be scraped off, along with the dirt.

      Slaves scaped off the perfumed oil with a knife called a strigil

      Plan of Bath House at the roman town of Chester

      Visiting a Roman Bath

      First you would take off your clothes in the changing room. Then you would relax in the warm room (called the Tepidarium). After the Tepidarium you would go into the hot room (called the Calarium). The steam in the room would make you sweat.

      In the next room a slave would scrape off the sweat and dirt with a strigil. You would then jump into the cold bath (called the Frigidarium).

      Remains of part of the Bath House at the Roman town of Chester

      There were separate baths for men and women.

      More information

      The Roman Baths & Pump Room (Bath)

  9. The Romans were people from middle of Italy,
    they invaded Britain nearly 2000 years ago,
    they invaded Britain because they wanted to get British slaves,gold,tin,silver,corn and steel,
    they gave us straight roads,aquaducts,central heating and concreate,zinc,iron and copper,
    He is really strong and condfident,good-looking and smart

    • 1. the romans were people who live in a city called rome
      2. there were three invasion the first invasion was in auguast 5.5 b.c the second invasion was in summer 54 b.c the third invasion was 100 years later in 43 a.d 3.the romans were cross with britan for helping gauls
      .4.they gave us many thing for example language laws and a legal system the census the calander straight roads and conqrete
      the roman soilder got a woollen tunic and a body armour he also has a shield and looks strong and serious and he is wearing sandles he is holding a long and sharp spear he has a sword and a dagger and got a metal shiny helmet

  10. 1. the romans were people who live in a city called rome
    2. there were three invasion the first invasion was in auguast 5.5 b.c the second invasion was in summer 54 b.c the third invasion was 100 years later in 43 a.d 3.the romans were cross with britan for helping gauls
    .4.they gave us many thing for example language laws and a legal system the census the calander straight roads and conqrete
    the roman soilder got a woollen tunic and a body armour he also has a shield and looks strong and serious and he is wearing sandles he is holding a long and sharp spear he has a sword and a dagger and got a metal shiny helmet

    • The Roman soldier is wearing a woollen tunic which is so Red that it seems as if he has got blood.He has got a javelin which is tall and large.His sword is sharp enough to kill someone.He has got a helmet which is hard and made of iron.His shield is as Brown as dust.He has got brown sandles too

    • Who were the Romans?
      The Romans were the people who were from the city called Rome which is at the centre of the country Italy.
      Romans invaded Britain. The Romans invaded other countries too. The Roman Empire covered much of Europe, north Africa, and the Middle East.
      When did the Romans invade Britain?
      1st time Roman general Julius Caesar came to invade Britain in 55 BC, he left and came back 1 year later in 54 BC, both times he could not be successful. Almost 100 years later in 43 AD Roman emperor Claudius invaded Britain with a very huge army and was successful. Since then Romans were in Britain till about 410 AD, almost total of 400 years.
      Why did the Romans invade Britain?
      Romans were angry with Britain people because they helped French (then called Gauls) when French fought with Roman general Juilus Caesar. Also Romans came for money, slaves, iron, lead, zinc, copper, silver and gold.
      What did the Romans give us?
      Romans gave Britain many culture and technology related things. Many things in English language are Latin based which Romans gave, also the calendar we follow was started by Romans, many month names are based on Roman rulers and generals, for example July is named after general Juilus Caesar. Even the Census system – the way used to count people in a country was given by Romans. Also Romans gave the system to make roads, heating system, concrete and aqueducts.

  11. The Roman soldier is wearing a woollen tunic which is so Red that it seems as if he has got blood.He has got a javelin which is tall and large.His sword is sharp enough to kill someone.He has got a helmet which is hard and made of iron.His shield is as Brown as dust.He has got brown sandles too

  12. Who were the Romans?
    The Romans were the people who were from the city called Rome which is at the centre of the country Italy.
    Romans invaded Britain. The Romans invaded other countries too. The Roman Empire covered much of Europe, north Africa, and the Middle East.

    When did the Romans invade Britain?
    1st time Roman general Julius Caesar came to invade Britain in 55 BC, he left and came back 1 year later in 54 BC, both times he could not be successful. Almost 100 years later in 43 AD Roman emperor Claudius invaded Britain with a very huge army and was successful. Since then Romans were in Britain till about 410 AD, almost total of 400 years.

    Why did the Romans invade Britain?
    Romans were angry with Britain people because they helped French (then called Gauls) when French fought with Roman general Juilus Caesar. Also Romans came for money, slaves, iron, lead, zinc, copper, silver and gold.

    What did the Romans give us?
    Romans gave Britain many culture and technology related things. Many things in English language are Latin based which Romans gave, also the calendar we follow was started by Romans, many month names are based on Roman rulers and generals, for example July is named after general Juilus Caesar. Even the Census system – the way used to count people in a country was given by Romans. Also Romans gave the system to make roads, heating system, concrete and aqueducts.

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