Year 2 – How is chocolate made?

Making chocolate starts with cocoa podsIt All Starts at the Cacao Tree

Cocoa pods on the cacao tree get picked when they are a burgundy brown colour–this is when they are ripe.

Did You Know? Some Cocoa pods are as big as a rugby ball.

Inside the cocoa pod are between 20-50 seeds–this is what we know as cocoa beans, although they taste pretty sour when first picked and nothing like chocolate.

The cocoa beans then go into a box to ferment. Then they are laid out in large trays to dry out in the sun. Then they are sent off to the factories.

Shelling cocoa beansCocoa Beans Arrive At the Factory

Once the beans arrive at the factory, they are sifted to get rid of bits that aren’t wanted (grit, dirt, etc) and are then roasted at a low temperature to bring out the chocolate flavour. The outer shells are now cracked open to leave the cocoa nibs that are inside.

The cocoa nibs are crushed up and ground into a paste. This paste is called cocoa mass. You could melt the paste at this stage and make a chocolate bar, but it would taste really bitter. Melted cocoa mass is called cocoa liquor.

Cocoa Mass & Cocoa Butter

Now, some of our cocoa mass is kept for later, the rest is pressed by a machine which squeezes out the cocoa butter in it. What’s left behind is a pressed powder cake. This is ground up and becomes cocoa powder.

The cocoa mass we kept is now mixed with the cocoa butter and sugar is added. Sometimes other ingredients are added too, such as vanilla flavour and milk.

Stage of chocolate making -


Milk chocolate barDid you know? The first chocolate bar was created in England in 1847.

The blended chocolate then goes through rollers to improve the texture and make it more smooth.

The final process is called tempering, where chocolate is heated and then cooled. This makes sure the crystal structure in chocolate behaves itself and that chocolate looks nice and shiny when you open the wrapper to your chocolate bar.



Using the text above and what you have learnt in the lesson, explain how chocolate is made. You must use your OWN words. Try to include time words like ‘first’, ‘then’, ‘after that’.

35 thoughts on “Year 2 – How is chocolate made?

  1. It first starts in the coco tree .
    The beans have three colours are lit yellow. Dark brown and lit brown .
    Then it go to a matchin and it can make hot chocolate or chocolate.

  2. First on the pods from the cocoa tree get picked when they are buryand.The cocoa beans then go into a box of ferment.

    By michael maria and ayaan

  3. first of all up need to find a tree with cacao plants on them.
    When it is right it has to be red,yellow and orange.
    By Rahma , Hadisa and khadijah

  4. first cocoa pods on the cocao tree get picked up when they are a burgundy brown color-this is when they are ripe.
    the first chocolate was created in england.
    quick fact
    when the cacao is ripe the are brown,red and yellow.

    by qasim and habbi

  5. How to make chocolate
    First find cocoa beans in Central America rain forest.Then crush them with a mechete.And then put them In the sun to dry.

  6. First get some cocoa pods.

    Then you need to collect the cocoa beans.

    After that get the cocoa beans and keep them in a pot.

    when the cocoa beans arrived at the factory they get crunched. From Amelia,Mediha and Aliko

  7. First you have to go next to the equator and find a tree which has cocoa beans in a pod.

    Then you get the pod and smash it with a machete.

  8. How to make chocolate?
    First you get coco beans from trees.

    Next you crack the coco bean really heard and you can see that inside there are little seeds there are about 20 seeds and then you let the seeds dry and then roast them.

    After the coco beans go in the factory.

    When they go to the factory the first thing to do is to get rid of the dirt and thing like that . When we eat the dirt and germs you will get poorly.

  9. The cacao tree grow the pods I the pods are coca beans we know them as coco beans they are picked when they are picked they taste noting like choclate.

  10. It all starts at the cocoa tree cocoa pods grow on the cocoa trees and are ripe when are an burgundy brown colour.
    Some cocoa pods are as big as an ruby ball or an football.
    Inside the cocoa pods are 20-50 seeds this is what we know are cocoa beans,although they taste pretty sour and bitter when first picked from the cocoa tree and taste nothing like chocolate and doesn’t look like chocolate.
    Once they arrive at the factory,they are sifted to get rid of anything unwanted like grit or dirt and then are roasted to let out the chocolatey flavour.

  11. first the things on the cacoe tree are flowers that grows to you take it of the pod off the tree and brake it in to half.after get the seeds out and roast them near the sun.after that put the seeds in the pestle and a motor and grind it together and put water,Simon and sugar.finally put the chocolate in a base.

  12. Coca pods get picked and get cut with a knife .Inside the coca pods are twenty or fifty coca pods are very sour when they are first picked and they doesn’t taste like chocolate .The coca pods then go into a box then they are they are laid out in the sun to dry then they have been sent of to the factories .

  13. To make chocolate you need to get coco and crack it with a knife. Inside it there’s beans shaped like a ball inside the coco there are about 20-50 beans. When they are not done they taste sour.The coco then goes into a ferment.then they are spreded into a tray to dry out in the sun.

  14. First the people pick the cocoa when it is a burgundy colour the cocoa has 20/50 seeds inside when you first pick them they are very sour and taste nothing like chocolate and then u put it in a bowl and crush it and then it will be melted and then they will put it in moles and put it in the oven

  15. Chocolate is made out of coco pocks and is smashed up into little bits or picies of seeds.The coco pocks goes to the factory and they make it so that the coco pocks are a little bit of bitter and really sweet and sour ,also so unhealthy. The first choclate was made by the Cadbury brothers and the White choclate was made by Peter .

  16. First Cocoa beens get picked when they are a brown colour.Then the cocoa beens go in a box to ferment.then they are laid out in the sun to dry.after that they go to the factory.once they are sent to the factory they get shifted into rid bits.

  17. First there is a tree that has cocoa pods on it and when it is sort of brown you need to take it of then crack it and take the cocoa beens out. Then fry it and then stir it and put the ingredients in and drink it👍🏻

  18. First the coco beans are on the tree and they grow and when they have got burgundy they turn into a brown colour and they will ripe.Inside there is coco pods between 20- 50 seeds-this is what we know as and coco beans

  19. First we need melted chocolate before we put the chocolate in the mold .
    Next we put the chocolate in the mold and leave it to set.🍎🍉🍏👏🏼

  20. The chocolate factory is a very good because a man and woman make some drinks hmmm I need to think🤔 I got it 1you need to squash the chocolate. 2 you put the chocolate in a cup 3 it done yummmmmmmmm 🌹💋🌸🌷💍😘😍🤑😋😇😃😸😻👍🏻👏🏻💪🏻🤘🏻👄

  21. First we get some coco beans.
    Next we squash and put sugar in.
    Third we try to make the chocolates when wer done we send it to the shop.

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