We have been learning about Early Settlers this half term in Year3. This week we are learning about why the Celtic civilisation ended. Read through the information text about the Celts and take the reading challenge. Make sure you answer in a full sentence as best you can! Why did the Celtic civilisation end? The Romans came to Britain looking for riches – land, slaves, and most of all, iron, lead, zinc, copper, silver and gold. They came from Rome in Italy, fighting other tribes and gaining land across most of Europe and North Africa. In AD 43 they invaded Britain.
The Romans took over the Celts’ land and built towns. They built strong forts linked to a good road system. Ports and harbours were also important places for the Romans to bring in food, wine and oil from abroad. They also shipped goods from Wales overseas.
The relationship between the Romans and Celts was not always unfriendly. The Romans’ way of life was very different from that of the Celts and many of the Celts started to copy the Romans, speaking their language and living like them. The Celts started using Latin words and within a few generations the Celtic and Roman ways of life became mixed. The Celts and Romans married each other, Roman soldiers retired from the army and became farmers and shopkeepers. The sons and grandsons of those who fought against the Romans even joined the Roman army.
After 400 years the Romans left Britain. Their empire was coming to an end. In the western parts of the British Isles, Celtic peoples survived despite a new threat – the Anglo-Saxons.
AF2: Why did the Romans come to Britain?
AF5: What does the word ‘tribe’ mean?
AF2: ‘The Romans and the Celts never got on’ is this statement true? Use evidence from the text to help you to explain.
AF5: ‘Celtic peoples survived despite a new threat’ what does this phrase tell you about the Anglo-Saxons?
AF2: Summarise the key points in this text using 2 sentences only.
AF5: Identify and explain 2 exciting words or phrases used by the writer.