Year 4 Reading Challenge- Autumn 2

Sutton Hoo

By about 600, England was divided into small Anglo-Saxon kingdoms each ruled by a king. Much of what we know about the Anglo-Saxons comes from graves like the one discovered at Sutton Hoo in Suffolk.Near the River Deben in Suffolk, at Sutton Hoo, are eleven mounds or ‘barrows’ dating back to the 7th century. In 1939 archaelogists explored the largest mound and discovered a ship buried in the mound. On a small hill above the river Deben in Suffolk is a field, covered with grassy mounds of different sizes. For several hundred years what lay under the mounds remained a mystery.

What happened at Sutton Hoo?

About 66 years ago, an archaeologist called Basil Brown started digging under the mounds. The mounds are Anglo Saxon graves and the contents show the technology and traditions of a culture that was in England 1,600 years ago. Basil discovered that the reason why it was so big. It was hiding a huge wooden ship buried under the soil. The ship had rotted away, but the shape of it was clearly left behind in the earth. The ship was 27 metres long and 4.25 meters wide at its widest point (almost ninety-feet long and fifteen-feet wide). It would have taken about 20 oarsmen on either side to row it! The ship had been put there and used as a grave. Archaeologists think that the ship was dragged to the top of the hill from the river below. It was then placed in a ditch that had been specially dug for it. A hut was built in the middle of the ship and the coffin and treasures placed inside. The ship was then completely covered with a mound of earth. The person was buried in the ship because they believed that this was the best way to reach the After Life.

What did they find?

The objects in the grave would have been the personal possessions or weapons of the person ‘buried’ with the ship to use in the afterlife. A sword was found alongside the body, by the right arm. The end of the handle of the sword was made of gold and contained a precious red jewel.  The sword was made of iron. The sword was the most important weapon in Anglo-Saxon times. It was often passed down from father to son. Warriors were buried with their swords beside them. The person in the ship was buried with lots of expensive household goods, including rich clothes, pieces for playing games, and a lyre (a bit like a guitar). This large bronze bowl is one of three that would have hung on tripods in a great hall. It was filled with wine or water, so that people could dip their cups into it, or wash their fingers after feasting. The silver from the ship burial is the largest collection of silver ever recovered from a grave. It was probably used as tableware during feasting in the great hall. The bowls were made in the Middle East in about AD 500. Finding them in the grave tells us that trade between England and the rest of Europe was common in Anglo Saxon times. The Anglo-Saxons liked to show off their wealth. This is the lid of a leather purse that would have hung from a belt. The purse, with gold decoration, is the richest one found from the Saxons time. The purse contained 37 gold coins. These coins helped to date the burial and provide some clues about who was buried in the grave. The coins date around AD 613.

Were all Anglo-Saxons buried in ships?

Ship burials were reserved for the most powerful people. Sometimes the burial ships were cast adrift in the sea, sometimes the ships were buried on land. Important men, especially if they were warriors, were buried with weapons such as a sword, spears and a shield. Most ordinary Anglo-Saxon people were cremated (burnt) after they died, their remain were placed in urns and buried in the ground. The burial was of an important Anglo-Saxon chief, probably King Raedwald who ruled East Anglia in the seventh century. He was one of the most powerful Saxon kings.

Bronze:

Who made the discovery at Sutton Hoo?

What is the purpose of this text?

List words and phrases that identify information to be historical and why?

List three things that were discovered at the Burial ground.

Silver:

What evidence is there in the text to suggest the person found at the burial was a rich warrior?

Gold:

Write a diary entry to show the feelings of the person who discovered the sight.

74 Comments

  1. Bronze:
    Who made the discovery at Sutton Hoo?
    Basil Brown made the discovery.
    What is the purpose of this text?
    It is to tell us information about Sutton Hoo
    List words and phrases that identify information to be historical and why?
    Warrior, Rich clothes and Sutton Hoo.
    List three things that were discovered at the Burial ground.
    A Sword, A Bronze Bowl and An Anglo-Saxon
    Silver:
    What evidence is there in the text to suggest the person found at the burial was a rich warrior?
    ‘Including Rich Clothes’ Is The Evidence.
    Gold:
    Write a diary entry to show the feelings of the person who discovered the sight.
    Dear Diary,
    Today, I found a sword belonging to an Anglo-Saxon Warrior.I also found an Anglo-Saxon Buried in a ship.This was An amazing discovery for Me because It was from the period 1066.

  2. Bronze:
    1.Basil discoverd Sutton hoo
    2.The purpose of this text is to tell information about sutton Hoo.
    3.archaeologist,traditions and Anglo saxons are historical information.
    4.The discoverd personal possension,wepeons,swords and red jewel.

  3. Bronze:
    Who made the discovery at Sutton Hoo?
    Basil Brown discovered Sutton Hoo.
    What is the purpose of this text?
    The purpose is to give the reader information.
    List words and phrases that identify information to be historical and why? household
    Anglo-Saxon
    guitar
    traditions
    King Raedwald
    List three things that were discovered at the Burial ground.
    The end of the handle of the sword was made of gold and contained a precious red jewel. The sword was made of iron. The sword was the most important weapon in Anglo-Saxon times.

  4. English
    Bronze
    Who made the discovery at Sutton Hoo?
    An archaeologist named Basil Brown.
    What is the purpose of this text?
    The purpose is to find out more about Sutton Hoo.
    List words and phrases that identify information to be historical and why?
    Anglo-Saxon because the text is all about it and Sutton Hoo.
    Saxon kings because Kings are important in history.
    List three things that were discovered at the Burial ground.
    Gold.
    Pyre.
    Swords.

  5. Bronze
    1) Basel Brown found the discovery at Sutton Hoo
    2) The purpose of this 5ext is to give the reader Infomation about Sutton Hoo.
    3) Huge Ship, Anglo-Saxon graves and it says at AD 613.
    4) 37 gold coins, Rich clothing and game pieces.
    Silver
    Ship burials were only reserved for the powerful people and they had 37 golden coins.

  6. Bronze:

    Who made the discovery at Sutton Hoo?
    Basil Brown made the discovery at Sutton Hoo.

    What is the purpose of this text?
    It is an information text which tells us about what happened in Sutton Hoo.
    List words and phrases that identify information to be historical and why?
    Anglo-Saxon, archaeologists, buried, King Raedwald, Saxon kings. The words and phrases are representing history.

    List three things that were discovered at the Burial ground.
    Swords, a person buried with his household, gold, clothes and a guitar.

    Silver:

    What evidence is there in the text to suggest the person found at the burial was a rich warrior?
    Because he was buried with gold and household good, clothes and guitar.

  7. bronze
    (1)Basil Brown was the first person to discover about sutton hoo.
    (2)The purpose of the text is to gain historical knowledge of
    Anglo saxons
    Saxon kings
    Burial ships
    House goods
    Lyre
    silver
    Burial ships were more powerful people.

  8. Bronze
    Basil brown was the one who found the Sutton Hoo
    The purpose of the text is to tell about the Anglo Saxon.
    3. dates like in 1939, 66 years ago , 7th century ship burials were reserved. Anglo Saxon people were burned or cremated and probably King Raedwald.
    4. They found iron swords , red jewel and balls.
    Silver
    Acording to the text the person because they found precious things like a handle of a sword was made of gold red jewels and fancy clothes 37 gold coins.
    Gold
    I felt when I opened the Sutton Hoo I was mind blown how big it was and how old it is from the Anglo Saxons things like sword made out of iron Saxons clothes I also felt amazed because most stuff had metals like gold and red jewels.

  9. Bronze
    1 Basil Brown
    2 The purpose of this text was to find information about Anglo saxons.
    3 traditions, Saxons times, burial,past down,
    4 a sword, 37 golden coins and a ship.
    Silver
    1 37 golden coins
    Gold
    I found a sword with a red jewel on it.and hiding under ground a huge ship with dead people in it.

  10. Bronze
    Basil Brown discovered Sutton Hoo.
    The purpose of this text is telling me what will happen to Sutton Hoo.
    List word and phrases that identify information to be historical.
    Anglo -Saxon
    Rich clothes
    Sword
    Weapon
    Rich warrior
    Burial ships
    Saxons kings
    Kings

  11. About 66 years ago and is it telling us what the clothes.household goods and lyre ( bit like a guiter)

    make the Sutton hoo?

    The pup use that we shot the Sutton hoo?

  12. Bronze: What happened at Sutton Hoo?
    About 66 years ago, a archaeologist called Basil Brown started digging under the mounds.The purpose of this text is so the the reader could know More about Sutton Hoo during in the Anglo Saxon period .Anglo Saxon , ,Saxon king ,burial ships .
    Silvers :
    This deviance tells the reader that the person its rich , gold jewellery , household goods, including rich clothes, pieces for playing games, and a lyre (a bit like a guitar).

  13. Bronze

    A) it was Suffolk
    b) It is to help people about the sutton hoo.
    c) Sutton hoo and Suffolk because that is whatits talking about.
    d) Pieces for playing games a lyre (a bit like a guitar) and thier swords.

    Silver

    The purse contained 37 gold coins.
    These coins helped to date the burial and provide some clues about who was
    buried in the grave. The coins date around AD 613.

  14. Bronze
    1. About 66 years ago, An archaeological called Basil Brown.
    2. The text is about the life and experience of Anglo – Saxon n Suffolk.
    3. The list of words and phrases of information historical :-
    * Expensive household goods
    * Rich clothes
    * Playing games like a ” guitar”.
    4. Three things that were discovered at the Burial ground:-
    * Bodies
    * Ships
    *fire arms

  15. Bronze:

    Who made the discovery at Sutton Hoo?
    Archaeologist made the discovery at Sutton hoo
    What is the purpose of this text? The purpose of this text is to Entertain people to be more archaeologistic

    List words and phrases that identify information to be historical and why?
    Mounds are graves for the Angelo Saxons
    List three things that were discovered at the Burial ground.
    Sword
    precious red jewel
    bronze bowl
    Silver:
    What evidence is there in the text to suggest the person found at the burial was a rich warrior?
    The sword is made out of iron gold
    He had a precious red Jewel
    A bowl made out of bronze
    Gold:
    Write a diary entry to show the feelings of the person who discovered the sight

    Once, I was digging up in my garden at Sutton hoo I found a red precious jewel a sword made of iron gold and a bowl made of bronze and then a few metres down I found a base of a ship I was amazed of what I found.You would be surprised 😱
    Because I found a grave that contained someone it was so interesting and I just noticed that it was from the Angelo Saxon era.So then Instead of saying grave I said mounds because it’s another word for Grave I had so much fun.Every day now started exploring the ship and it had lots of treasures
    That was my diary.

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