LO: To write a persuasive letter
The children in Year Three have studied the effects of smoking on the human body, and have also looked at the reasons and risks attached to smoking.
Year Three, now you know what the consequences of smoking are, I would like you to write a persuasive letter to a smoker. In the letter, I would like you to showcase your learning by outlining the reasons why smoking is bad for your health. Why is smoking so bad for us? What can happen to our bodies? How can the reader stop smoking? What will be the benefits?
I would like you to start your letter with Dear sir/madam, and for you to use all of the features of a letter that we have learnt about in the summer term.
If you smoke, you’ve likely heard the pleas from friends and family to quit. You probably know that smoking makes heart disease, stroke, cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and other killers more likely. You might even know that smoking is the No. 1 cause of preventable death in the U.S. and worldwide.
But knowing about long-term risks may not be enough to nudge you to quit, especially if you’re young. It can be hard to feel truly frightened by illnesses that may strike decades later. And quitting smoking is hard. As many as 75%-80% of smokers say they’d like to quit. But it takes the average smoker five to 10 attempts before successfully quitting.
For some smokers, it’s the little things that motivate quitting. Things like the smell it leaves on your clothes, the way people react when they find out you’re a smoker, the stains it leaves on your teeth — everyday aggravations that can add up to a tipping point to kick the habit.
1. Smelling like smoke
There’s no mistaking the smell of cigarette smoke, and it’s not one many people describe favorably.
Steven Schroeder, MD, director of the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center at the University of California at San Francisco, says that smokers are commonly self-conscious about the smell of smoke on their clothes and in their hair. And the smell of their breath is one of particular sensitivity to most smokers.
“Some of the media campaigns have compared kissing a smoker to licking an ashtray,” Schroeder says. Enough said.
2. Sense of smell and taste
Smelling like an ashtray isn’t the only impact smoking has on the nose. Smokers also experience a dulling of their senses; smell and taste in particular take a hit when you smoke.
Smokers can’t appreciate the taste of many foods as intensely as they did before smoking, but it’s really the loss of the sense of smell that diminishes the ability to taste, notes Andrew Spielman, DMD, PhD, associate dean for academic affairs and professor of basic science and craniofacial biology at the NYU School of Dentistry. Breathing in the hot fumes of cigarette smoke is toxic to the sences
smoking and Death
Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States.
Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States. This is about one in five deaths.1,2,3
Smoking causes more deaths each year than all of these combined:4
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Illegal drug use
Motor vehicle injuries
More than 10 times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the United States during its history.1
Smoking causes about 90% (or 9 out of 10) of all lung cancer deaths in men and women.1,2 More women die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.5
About 80% (or 8 out of 10) of all deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are caused by smoking.1
Cigarette smoking increases risk for death from all causes in men and women.1
The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has increased over the last 50 years in men and women in the United States.1
Smoking and Increased Health Risks
Smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to develop heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer.
Smoking is estimated to increase the risk—
For coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times1,6
For stroke by 2 to 4 times1
Of men developing lung cancer by 25 times1
Of women developing lung cancer by 25.7 times1
Smoking causes diminished overall health, such as self-reported poor health, increased absenteeism from work, and increased health care utilization and cost.1
Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease
Smokers are at greater risk for diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease).1,2
Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease—the leading causes of death in the United States.1
Even people who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease.1
Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicken and grow narrower. This makes your heart beat faster and your blood pressure go up. Clots can also form.1,2
A heart attack occurs when a clot blocks the blood flow to your heart. When this happens, your heart cannot get enough oxygen. This damages the heart muscle, and part of the heart muscle can die.1,2
A stroke occurs when a clot blocks the blood flow to part of your brain or when a blood vessel in or around your brain bursts.1,2
Blockages caused by smoking can also reduce blood flow to your legs and skin.1,2
Smoking and Respiratory Disease
Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging your airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in your lungs.1,2
Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.1,2
Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.1,2
If you have asthma, tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make an attack worse.1,2
Smokers are 12 to 13 times more likely to die from COPD than nonsmokers.1
Smoking and Cancer
Smoking can cause cancer almost anywhere in your body:1,2 (See figure above)
Blood (acute myeloid leukemia)
Colon and rectum (colorectal)
Kidney and ureter
Oropharynx (includes parts of the throat, tongue, soft palate, and the tonsils)
Trachea, bronchus, and lung
If nobody smoked, one of every three cancer deaths in the United States would not happen.1,2 Smoking increases the risk of dying from cancer and other diseases in cancer patients and survivors.1
Smoking and Other Health Risks
Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and affects a person’s overall health.1,2
Smoking can make it harder for a woman to become pregnant and can affect her baby’s health before and after birth. Smoking increases risks for:1,2,5
Preterm (early) delivery
Stillbirth (death of the baby before birth)
Low birth weight
Sudden infant death syndrome (known as SIDS or crib death)
Orofacial clefts in infants
Smoking can also affect men’s sperm, which can reduce fertility and also increase risks for birth defects and miscarriage (loss of the pregnancy).2
Smoking can affect bone health.1,5
Women past childbearing years who smoke have lower bone density (weaker bones) than women who never smoked and are at greater risk for broken bones.
Smoking affects the health of your teeth and gums and can cause tooth loss.1
Smoking can increase your risk for cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens that makes it hard for you to see) and age-related macular degeneration (damage to a small spot near the center of the retina, the part of the eye needed for central vision).1
Smoking is a cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus and can make it harder to control. The risk of developing diabetes is 30–40% higher for active smokers than nonsmokers.1,2
Smoking causes general adverse effects on the body. It can cause inflammation and adverse effects on immune function.1
Smoking is a cause of rheumatoid arthritis.1
Quitting and Reduced Risks
Quitting smoking cuts cardiovascular risks. Just 1 year after quitting smoking, your risk for a heart attack drops sharply.2
Within 2 to 5 years after quitting smoking, your risk for stroke could fall to about the same as a nonsmoker’s.2
If you quit smoking, your risks for cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder drop by half within 5 years.2
Ten years after you quit smoking, your risk for lung cancer drops by half.2
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014 [accessed 2014 Feb 6].
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2010 [accessed 2014 Feb 6].
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. QuickStats: Number of Deaths from 10 Leading Causes—National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2013:62(08);155. [accessed 2014 Feb 6].
Mokdad AH, Marks JS, Stroup DF, Gerberding JL. Actual Causes of Death in the United States. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association 2004;291(10):1238–45 [cited 2014 Feb 6].
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General, 2001 [accessed 2014 Feb 6].
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Reducing the Health Consequences of Smoking: 25 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1989 [accessed 2014 Feb 6].
how does smoking Cause Heart Disease?
The nicotine in smoke:
Reduces how much oxygen your heart gets
Raises your blood pressure
Speeds up your heart rate
Makes blood clots more likely, which can lead to heart attacks or strokes
Harms the insides of your blood vessels, including those in your heart
How Does Quitting Smoking Help?
Soon after you stop, your odds of getting heart disease or high blood pressure will drop. After 1 to 2 years of not smoking, you’ll be much less likely to get heart disease.
Of course, kicking the habit also makes you less likely to get lung cancer and many other types of cancer, emphysema, and many other serious conditions.
The bottom line: Odds are you’ll live longer, and you’ll feel better.
How to Quit Smoking
It helps to plan ahead. Set a date to stop smoking and then stick to it.
Write down your reasons for quitting smoking. Read over the list every day, before and after you quit.
Keep a record of when you smoke, why you smoke, and what you’re doing when you smoke. You’ll learn what triggers you to smoke.
You may want to first stop smoking cigarettes in certain situations, such as during your work break or after dinner, before actually quitting.
Make a list of things you can do instead of smoking. Be ready to do something else when you want to smoke.
Ask your doctor about medication or about using nicotine gum or patches. Some people find these aids helpful. For some, you’ll need a doctor’s prescription. Others are available over the counter, which means you don’t need a prescription.
Join a smoking cessation support group or program. Call your local chapter of the American Lung Association.
i hope you like my facts
1) Smoking is Poisonous
Cigarettes contain thousands of poisonous chemicals which taste horrible. Your body tries to get rid of poison by making you feel sick. This is why first time smokers often feel sick and dizzy or may cough a lot – it’s their body trying to protect them.
If it tastes so awful why do people keep smoking?
2) It’s very hard to stop smoking
One of the chemicals in cigarettes is called nicotine. Nicotine is a very addictive drug which makes it hard to stop smoking. When you finish smoking a cigarette the levels of nicotine in your body starts to drop which makes you want another one.
Fact: Over 78% of adults who smoke have tried to stop at some point.
3) Smoking Stinks!
Cigarette smoke sticks to your clothes, hair and makes your breath smell horrible. Kids and adults who smoke often don’t realise how bad they smell to other people.
Is that the worst smoking will do to me?
4) Smoking Kills.
Smoking damages your lungs which makes it harder for you to run and play sport with your friends. It also makes you more likely to catch coughs and colds or suffer with asthma.
Worst of all, smoking increases your chances of getting cancer and other horrible diseases which can kill you.
Fact: The smoke from a lit cigarette is so bad it also harms the lungs of people around you too.
5) Smoking is Expensive
Believe it or not, kids and adults have to pay a lot of money to smoke. In fact smoking 20 cigarettes a day for 5 years costs £8000. Imagine what you could buy with that!
Fact: Smoking is illegal until you are 18 years old and people who buy or sell cigarettes are breaking the law.
Many kids and teenagers try smoking because they have seen other people do it and they are curious. Some people think it makes them look cool or more grown up. They may offer you a cigarette because it makes them feel better if you do it as well. The best thing to do is tell them that you don’t want to smoke and walk away.
Saying no may feel like a very hard do but quitting smoking is even harder. If you are worried about smoking or a friend who smokes you should talk to a parent or teacher who can give you more advice.
why do you have to stop smoking
Most people know that smoking can cause lung cancer, but it can also cause many other cancers and illnesses.
Smoking directly causes over 100,000 deaths in the UK each year and contributes to many more.
Of these deaths, about 42,800 are from smoking-related cancers, 30,600 from cardiovascular disease and 29,100 die slowly from emphysema, bronchitis and other chronic lung diseases.lung diseases.
How do cigarettes damage health?
‘Cardiovascular’ means the heart and circulation.
Cardiovascular disease causes:
poor circulation, especially to the legs and feet
angina (chest pains)
Cigarettes contain more than 4000 chemical compounds and at least 400 toxic substances.
When you inhale, a cigarette burns at 700°C at the tip and around 60°C in the core. This heat breaks down the tobacco to produce various toxins.
As a cigarette burns, the residues are concentrated towards the butt.
The products that are most damaging are:
tar, a carcinogen (substance that causes cancer)
nicotine is addictive and may have side effects including increasing the risk of atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and heart disease
carbon monoxide reduces oxygen in the body
components of the gas and particulate phases cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disesease how long you live
Research has shown that smoking reduces life expectancy by seven to eight years.
Did you know?
On average, each cigarette shortens a smoker’s life by around 11 minutes.
Of the 300 people who die every day in the UK as a result of smoking, many are comparatively young smokers.
The number of people under the age of 70 who die from smoking-related diseases exceeds the total figure for deaths caused by breast cancer, AIDS, traffic accidents and drug addiction.
Non-smokers and ex-smokers can also look forward to a healthier old age than smokers.Cancer
Smokers are more likely to get cancer than non-smokers. This is particularly true of lung cancer, throat cancer and mouth cancer, which rarely affect non-smokers.
The link between smoking and lung cancer is clear.
Ninety percent of lung cancer cases are due to smoking.
If no-one smoked, lung cancer would be a rare diagnosis – only 0.5 per cent of people who’ve never touched a cigarette develop lung cancer.
One in ten moderate smokers and almost one in five heavy smokers (more than 15 cigarettes a day) will die of lung cancer.
The more cigarettes you smoke in a day, and the longer you’ve smoked, the higher your risk of lung cancer. Similarly, the risk rises the deeper you inhale and the earlier in life you started smoking.
For ex-smokers, it takes approximately 15 years before the risk of lung cancer drops to the same as that of a non-smoker.
If you smoke, the risk of contracting mouth cancer is four times higher than for a non-smoker. Cancer can start in many areas of the mouth, with the most common being on or underneath the tongue, or on the lips.
Other types of cancer that are more common in smokers are:bladder cancer
cancer of the oesophagus
cancer of the kidneys
cancer of the pancreas
cervical cancer to miss jones and miss jackson i hope you enjoy reading it . your the best
dear smokers what happens to the heart when you smoke
Smoking damages your heart and your blood circulation, increasing the risk of conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, peripheral vascular disease (damaged blood vessels) and cerebrovascular disease (damaged arteries that supply blood to your brain).
Carbon monoxide from the smoke and nicotine both put a strain on the heart by making it work faster. They also increase your risk of blood clots. Other chemicals in cigarette smoke damage the lining of your coronary arteries, leading to furring of the arteries.
In fact, smoking doubles your risk of having a heart attack, and if you smoke you have twice the risk of dying from coronary heart disease than lifetime non-smokers.
The good news is that after only one year of not smoking, your risk is reduced by half. After stopping for 15 years, your risk is similar to that of someone who has never smoked.what happens to your Lungs.
Your lungs can be very badly affected by smoking. Coughs, colds, wheezing and asthma are just the start. Smoking can cause fatal diseases such as pneumonia, emphysema and lung cancer. Smoking causes 84% of deaths from lung cancer and 83% of deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease, including bronchitis.
The good news is that once you stop smoking, your health improves and your body will begin to recover.
dear smokAbout 8.6 million people in the US have at least 1 serious illness that’s caused by smoking.
Smoking is the cause of 1 in 5 deaths in the US annually. And tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death.
About 1.69 billion pounds of butts end up as toxic trash each year, making cigarettes the most littered item on Earth. Get the filter out! Clean up cigarette butt litter through GTFO.
For every person that dies from a smoking-related disease, there are 20 more who suffer from at least 1 serious illness associated with smoking.
The CDC estimates that adult male smokers lose an average of 13.2 years of life and female smokers lose 14.5 years of life because of smoking. And given the diseases that smoking can cause, it can steal your quality of life long before you die.thats why you need to stop smoking to miss jones and miss jackson
I am writing to you to tell you to stop smoking because this is what it could do to your body.It could give you yellow teeth,a black heart and black lungs.JUST TO LET YOU KNOW SMOKERS QUIT SMOKING.
Don’t use ceagrets
You are not allowed any Don’t use any ceagrets
Ceagrets or you will get lung
I am writing to to you because I want you to not die from lung cancer and I don’t want your kids to die too cause if you smoke you children might get poorly but they never had a cigarette.
If you smoke this what’s going to happen to your body.
1.You get lung cancer
2.You might get a heart attack.
3.You will get black lungs.
So please stop smoking it’s bad for your body.
We have been learning about smoking and that it is not good for you because you get black lungs even you get lung cancer.
The lung colour changes into black but your old ones are normal .
If you breath in smoke you will still get lung cancer SO KEEP CHILDREN AWAY FROM SMOKE smoke is invisible
If you smoke your child will get sad and you could be POISONED! Never buy CIGGYS if you buy it you are crazy because you can cause lung casar mouth cansar and your teeth will get yellow even your nails will be yellowish. In ciggeies you have toxic paint, remember NEVER SMOKE.
I am writing to you because i would like you to stop smoking.
You may think that it is cool but it is not. This is what it does to you gives you bad breath,makes you look 20 times older than you are and gives you yellow nails.if you have children smoking will effect there life to. IT IS NEVER TO LATE TO QIUT.
This week I have been learning about smoking and I have to tell you all about smoking.
When you smoke,your lungs will get black you could die ( before 15 years ). If you smoke in cars,you are not aloud. If you smoke in a house,your furniture will get ruined.
DON’T SMOKE ANYWHERE!
We have been learning about smoking in year3 and we have learnt that when you smoke your lungs get black.when you smoke your nails go yellow and your teeth go yellow and you get bad breath.when you smoke in cars and you have a child in the back,your child can suck up the smoke and can also get lung cancer.
If you smoke in your house your baby can suck up the smoke and also get lung cancer.